What Does a Roofer Do?

A roofer is a person who works on a building’s roofs. Generally, they are licensed roofing contractors who work with a crew. They also manage inventory and equipment. Contact Roofing Phoenixville PA now!

These employees often go through training courses. They may also attend regular meetings with management and salespeople. They are also able to offer long warranties on their work.

A Roofer is a construction worker skilled in installing, repairing, and replacing shingle or tile roofs. This profession often involves working at heights and requires special safety equipment, such as harnesses and helmets. Roofers collaborate with other construction professionals, such as carpenters and plumbers, to coordinate roof work. They may also need to be trained on specific roofing techniques and materials, including sarking and skylight windows.

Those who work in this occupation typically need strong interpersonal skills, as they will interact with clients to discuss their roofing needs and provide estimates. They must also be able to read blueprints and diagrams to follow job instructions.

The duties of a Roofer can include:

  • Inspecting and repairing roofs.
  • Cutting and fitting shingles or tiles.
  • Providing a range of other maintenance services.

They may also need to repair and replace flashing, gutters, and chimneys lay down, and cover vapor barriers or insulation.

Roofers and shinglers must be highly skilled in using hand tools to complete these tasks. They must also be able to safely transport, load, and unload roofing materials and set up ladders and scaffolding. This is a physically demanding job, and Roofers may need to work in all weather conditions.

A successful Roofer will be able to sustain good working relationships with clients, and they will effectively guarantee that all relevant safety standards are followed at all times. This trade is certified in some provinces and territories, and those interested in pursuing this career path can take part in a four-year apprenticeship program or attend vocational school to receive on-the-job training and technical instruction.

A well-written Roofer job description will help attract the right applicants and deter those unsuitable for the role. It should list the chief responsibilities and specific day-to-day tasks that come with this position, starting each line with dynamic action words to help job seekers envision themselves in the role. The job description should also list the minimum qualifications required for the role, such as a high school diploma or GED certificate and experience in construction.

Roofers are responsible for installing and repairing roofs on residential and commercial structures. They must be able to work with various materials, including shingles, clay tiles, and slates. They also use spray coatings to bind, seal, and insulate sections of buildings.

The minimum education required for this career is a high school diploma or equivalent. However, many Roofers attend vocational schools for proper training before starting work. The educational background that is most important for this profession includes a solid foundation in mathematics, workshop, and mechanical drawing skills. The ability to read and understand technical plans is also essential. In addition, physical fitness and good balance are necessary to perform the job duties of a Roofer.

Besides the actual roofing, roofers are also responsible for deciding on the materials and substrates for the roof installation. They also decide on the dimensions of trusses and beams to support the roof. Moreover, they determine the type of roof coverings to be applied and decide on the type of ventilation needed.

A Roofer can be self-employed or work as part of a construction crew. They must be able to manage their supplies and equipment and keep records of the roofing jobs they have completed. They must also liaise with suppliers to acquire the right equipment and materials for each project. Lastly, they must have the right insurance coverage to meet their business requirements.

A Roofer is a great choice for anyone looking for a highly satisfying and rewarding career. This is an ideal job for people interested in working outdoors and who enjoy climbing to heights to perform a challenging task. To become a Roofer, one must first obtain a high school diploma or GED certificate and then complete a vocational school program to learn the basics of the trade. In some states, a Roofer must pass an exam to become licensed.

The salary of a Roofer can vary depending on the level of expertise, training, and experience in the field. However, on average, Roofers earn $60,751 a year and $29 an hour in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The total pay includes taxable wages, tips, and bonuses.

In addition to their yearly salary, Roofers are also paid for using their tools, equipment, and transportation. They may also receive a bonus or incentive for exceeding performance goals or meeting project deadlines. A Roofer’s money can also vary from state to state, depending on the local job market and economic conditions.

As with most jobs, the salary of a Roofer can increase as the worker gains more experience. Some Roofers also seek out additional training opportunities to expand their knowledge and skill set, which can lead to a higher income potential. If a Roofer manages a team of other Roofers, this can also increase the overall earning potential.

Besides salary, other factors can influence a rower’s salary, including location, education level, and career path. The table below shows the average wages for a Roofer by city and education level.

A high school diploma or GED is the minimum educational requirement for most roofers, though some vocational schools offer courses that can help obtain an entry-level position. Some roofers prefer to complete an apprenticeship to gain hands-on work experience and learn the trade from a mentor. Regardless of their education level, all roofers should receive safety training that complies with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards. In addition to general safety training, some roofers must receive special training on using specific roofing materials. For example, roofers who apply tar or asphalt must attend training on the proper methods for applying these substances.

Unlike many professions, roofers are typically not required to work overtime or on weekends. They usually work a standard 40-hour week during normal business hours. However, they may have to put in extra hours during peak periods.

In addition to their regular workday, roofers often have to meet with customers or attend meetings if they are part of a management team, such as supervisors and roofing company owners. They also might have to attend training seminars to learn about the latest roofing techniques or meet safety standards.

The physical demands of this job can be harsh on the body. Roofers must be able to stand for long periods and lift heavy materials. They must also maintain balance and strength while working on ladders. This type of repetitive work can lead to back and neck pain, as well as serious spine problems over time.

As a result, roofers need to take precautions, such as wearing protective gear and taking frequent breaks. They should also be careful to stay hydrated and avoid overexerting themselves. The squatting motions involved in this work can also damage the knees and ankles.

Many roofers are in a union, which can help them negotiate better wages and benefits. They could also get health insurance and access to retirement options. This can make a big difference in the life of a roofer, as it allows them to plan for the future and have more money to spend on other things.

Most people need a roof over their heads, so it’s no surprise that there are plenty of opportunities for roofing professionals. Those with the right skills can earn good salaries and have a comfortable lifestyle.

While a career as a roofer can be challenging, it can be rewarding for those who love to work outdoors and on construction projects. Those who don’t enjoy the physical demands of this profession should consider other careers. Those who enjoy this type of work can benefit from constant access to fresh air, which is better for their lungs and overall health than breathing impure indoor air.

Benefits of Boat Dock Lift Installation

Boat Dock Lifts Charleston SC is a great way to keep your vessel safe and accessible. They are also easy to install. However, it is advisable to seek professional assistance. This will help you avoid any accidents or damage to your boat.

When you are deciding on a dock lift, consider the following factors.

boat dock lift

A boat lift lets you keep your boat out of the water when not in use. It is a convenient and cost-effective alternative to having it sit in the water the whole time, which can damage it over time. You can choose from a wide range of different types of lifts, depending on your needs and budget. Each one has its own advantages and disadvantages, but they all attack the same problem: keeping your boat out of the water for weeks or months between uses.

The cost of a boat lift depends on the type, size, and configuration of your boat. You will need to take the dry weight of your boat, and also consider the weight of all the fuel, supplies, and people that you will be carrying on board at any given time. This will help you determine the correct cradle size and lifting power for your boat. It is also a good idea to consult with an experienced professional to get the best possible price and quality.

There are several factors that can affect the cost of a Boat Dock Lift, such as the type of boat you want to lift and local regulations. For example, some local governments have restrictions on the number of pilings that can be driven into the water. Others have noise limitations that require a quiet drive system. You should also look at the water conditions, such as depth measurements, soil firmness, and wave/wake patterns.

Many boat owners find that having a lift is worth the extra investment. It saves them the trouble of having to put their boats in and out of the water every day, as well as the expense of repairing the boat from being banged against the dock or boathouse during high winds. It also gives them the peace of mind that a failed seacock, hose, or through-hull fitting will not sink their boat.

Like your boat, a boat lift needs regular maintenance to extend its life and keep it working properly. This includes lubricating the steel cables and gears with grease. It is also important to check for cuts in wire insulation, defaults in electrical cables, and cracks in the belts.

A boat lift is an essential watercraft accessory that keeps your boat elevated and out of the water when not in use. It eliminates the risk of damage from sunlight, wind, and debris and reduces maintenance and wear and tear by preventing the boat from resting in the water for weeks or even months at a time. This is especially important for boats that are used in salt water, where corrosion can be a serious problem.

Installation of a boat lift can be challenging, and it is best to leave it to professionals. A professional installer will perform a site assessment to evaluate the location, dock construction, and other factors that can affect the installation. This will help them recommend the best lift for your situation. They will also make sure that the lift is built to withstand the water conditions in your area and that it is made of materials that are resistant to corrosion.

Once the company has evaluated the site, they will begin assembling the lift. They will first install the anchor poles, and then assemble the main structure of the lift. They will carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure a safe and stable system. They will test the lift and adjust it as necessary. After the boat lift is installed, it is a good idea to add other watercraft accessories to maximize its function and safety.

The type of lift that you choose will depend on the make and model of your boat as well as its dry weight, including fuel, additional gear, and propellers. It is important to consider the hull shape and length, as well as the size of the cradle. It is also important to understand how to properly position a boat in the lift, as excess weight in front or back can damage the cables.

Another option for a boat lift is to buy a pile-mounted lift, which attaches to pilings and allows the boat to be raised and lowered by using a manual winch. This system can be more expensive than a hydraulic or electric lift, but it is easy to operate and is very durable.

Having a boat lift installed in your dock area provides many benefits to you, including increased longevity of your watercraft and easier access to it. It also helps prevent marine-life damage, as well as potential damages that can be caused by rubbing against dock surfaces. However, like any other equipment or system that you use around water, it is essential to maintain and repair your boat lift regularly. This will help to ensure that it continues to function at the highest level possible.

The first step to maintaining your boat lift is to find a professional company that specializes in installing, repairing, and servicing these systems. These companies will have the experience and knowledge to ensure that your system is performing at its best and will continue to be so for years to come. In addition, they will be able to provide you with maintenance services such as routine inspections, lubrication, and adjustments of cables and pulleys.

In addition, you should also ask about the company’s warranty policy. While a boat lift is an investment, you want to be sure that it will be protected in the event of any problems or defects. The company’s warranty should be written and clearly explained to you so that you understand what is covered and what is not.

Before you choose a boat lift company, it’s important to research several companies to make an informed decision. Check out their websites, customer reviews, and credentials to determine whether they are a good fit for your needs. You should also ask friends, neighbors, and family members for recommendations. Once you’ve narrowed down your choices, request quotes from each company and compare prices. Remember to factor in any additional costs that may be associated with installation, such as permits, electrical work, and dock extension.

A professional boat lifts installation company should offer a warranty that will protect you against any manufacturing defects in their products and workmanship. The warranty should cover all parts and components, including the top beams and cradle beams. In addition, it should include aluminum bunks and the plate drive unit. However, this warranty does not cover the labor required for removal and transportation to and from a service center.

A Boat lift installation saves you money by reducing the amount of time it takes to get your boat into and out of the water. It also protects your boat from expensive repair and maintenance costs. Its ability to keep your boat out of the water during non-use periods helps prevent corrosion and other issues. Additionally, it makes it easier to board your boat and allows you to spend more time on the water with family and friends.

Boat lifts are available in a wide range of designs and sizes, so it’s important to choose the right one for your dock. A professional boat lift installation company can help you select the best lift for your needs and budget. They will also provide regular maintenance services, including inspections, lubrication, and adjustments to cables and pulleys. They can also install or replace parts and accessories, such as lift motors, drive pipes bearing blocks, and wired zincs.

The most common type of lift is the hydraulic lift, which operates with a pump and can lift your boat up to 10 feet. Its design is safe and easy to operate, but it may require more frequent repairs than other lifts. Another option is the electric lift, which uses an electric winch to raise and lower the boat. This type of lift is less expensive than the hydraulic lift, but it may not be allowed in your community.

When selecting a boat lift, it’s important to consider the size of your boat and the weight capacity of the system. In addition, the lift should be properly installed and equipped with safety features. In addition, the company should offer warranty coverage for their work and the materials used. It’s also a good idea to ask for recommendations from family and friends who have had boat lifts installed. These recommendations can help you find a trustworthy company that will provide high-quality work at a competitive price.

Understanding the Basics of Window Replacement

Window Replacement involves removing the existing windows and replacing them with new ones. You can choose from a variety of styles, materials, and features.

Window Replacement

Remove parting beads from both sides to prepare the frame for the new window. Fill any gaps wider than 1/4 in with a foam rubber backer rod and caulk them. Visit https://yourhomeexteriors.com/ to learn more.

When homeowners choose to replace old windows in their homes, many options are available. Some styles offer unique features that can add a custom aesthetic to any home. Other types of replacement windows provide energy efficiency benefits that can save money on utility bills. In addition, some replacement windows protect the interior of a home from outside noise and moisture.

The most popular replacement window materials are wood, aluminum and vinyl. These durable materials help prevent water leaks, rotting, insect infestation and are virtually maintenance free. Some wood replacement windows are available with composite frames that combine the durability of fiberglass with the appearance of wood. Aluminum frames are long-lasting and resist corrosion, but they do conduct heat, which can increase energy costs.

Whole-home window replacement can be expensive, especially when all the windows are replaced at once. To reduce these costs, a homeowner may opt for pocket installation where the replacement windows are inserted into the existing frame without removing the original trim or brickmould. If the original frame and trim are in good condition, this option can save up to 20% of the total replacement cost.

Depending on the type of frame and glass chosen, replacement windows can also be energy efficient. Properly installed ENERGY STAR® certified windows form a tight seal that can greatly reduce cold drafts, hot spots and excess energy loss. Replacement windows with double or triple-pane glass and extra insulation can significantly decrease outside noise pollution and help a homeowner sleep better at night.

Window Replacement Costs

New replacement windows can boost your home’s resale value, improve comfort and energy efficiency, and eliminate the costly upkeep of scraping, repainting, and replacing putty. They can also save you money on heating and cooling costs. However, the initial investment can be intimidating. A good window installer can make this project more affordable and help you manage the cost through a payment plan.

The type of replacement windows you choose and the installation options you want will affect the total project cost. You can reduce your upfront costs by purchasing and installing a larger number of windows at once, which may lower the cost per window. You can also investigate potential rebates offered by the manufacturer, window companies, and utilities, as well as seasonal discounts and promotions.

One important factor that impacts your window replacement cost is the material you choose. Wood, vinyl, and fiberglass all have advantages but vary significantly in price, with hardwood being the most expensive.

Another factor that influences the cost is the location of your windows. Basement egress windows and those on second or higher levels will require more time to install and may require hoisting, craning, or scaffolding, which increases labor costs.

You can also choose from a variety of glass types and coatings that impact the final cost. For example, triple-pane windows with argon or krypton gas fill will be more expensive than standard dual-pane windows. But the additional expense will be recouped over time in reduced heating and cooling costs.

While a handy homeowner can sometimes replace their own windows and cut upfront costs, it’s risky to try and save on labor by doing it yourself. If improperly installed, new windows can lead to structural damage, water infiltration, and lower energy efficiency.

If you’re considering installing new windows in your home, contact a window contractor for quotes. Ensure they have a solid track record, references, and licensing in your area. They should also offer flexible financing options to help make the project more affordable.

Window Installation

Homeowners can keep costs low by selecting a window type and frame material that are easy to maintain. They can also save money by scheduling their replacement windows for the off-season when prices are lower. It is important to understand the different components that make up the cost of a window so that homeowners can negotiate a fair price from the contractor they choose for the project.

Window replacement contractors should start the process by properly preparing the site to minimize debris and damage during construction. They should place tarps over areas where they will be working and continuously sweep and vacuum the work area to ensure it is as clean as possible during the entire construction process.

The crew should then remove the old window and clear away the previous sealant to allow the new windows to be integrated into the existing wall opening. This step is crucial to preventing moisture from damaging the walls and creating issues like mold or rot.

It is essential that the crew carefully cuts around the edges of the window to avoid leaving any unsightly gaps or exposed studs. They should use a tool that is specially designed for this purpose to cut the trim boards and avoid cutting the caulking, which could cause the replacement windows to fail prematurely.

Once the trim boards are removed, the crew should clean up the old materials and dispose of them in a safe manner. They should also remove any window treatments or wall decorations near the windows to protect them during construction.

During the installation, the crew should carefully measure the window opening and trim boards to ensure that the new replacement windows are the right size. They should also inspect the caulking and other sealants to ensure that they are in good condition and will provide a watertight seal.

The crew should also test all the functionality and features of your new windows during the installation to ensure that everything is in working order before they leave. They should take the time to explain how the windows function and answer any questions you may have.

Window Replacement Contractors

If a recent storm has caused damage and your windows require replacement, you will need to find window contractors to complete the work. Some companies are honest, while others are not. Door-to-door contractors can be particularly shady, as they often flock to areas impacted by weather events and may try to scam homeowners. You should seek out a local, trusted contractor that has been operating for many years and has an established reputation in the area. You should also validate their licensing and physical business address.

Once you have narrowed down your options, it’s essential to compare quotes from several window installation companies. Ideally, you should request three to four estimates from each company before making your decision. Comparing quotes will help you scope out your budget and encourage contractors to be competitive with their pricing. In addition to cost, it’s important to assess the reputation of each contractor and make sure they have a solid track record for quality workmanship and customer service.

You should also inquire about the warranty that each contractor offers with their services. Some offer lifetime warranties, while others have more standard plans. In any case, you should choose a company that offers a comprehensive manufacturer and workmanship warranty that covers defects in the materials and workmanship. The warranty should also be transferable in the event that you sell your home in the future.

A reliable contractor will be able to answer any questions you have about the products they use and their installation process. They should also be able to provide testimonials and references from previous customers. If possible, try to speak with a person who has used the window replacement company’s services in the past to get a firsthand account of their experiences.

Finally, you should ensure that your window replacement contractor has both liability and workers’ compensation insurance. This will protect you in the event of an accident on your property while they are working. You can verify this by asking to see proof of coverage and requesting that the insurer send these documents to your home before beginning any work.

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Uneven Concrete Can Be a Safety Concern

Uneven concrete surfaces like patios, driveways, and sidewalks can be a safety concern. Shifting, water erosion, and tree roots can lead to rough concrete that could damage your foundation or cause your home’s walls to crack. Fortunately, there are affordable options to fix concrete that will not break the bank or compromise your curb appeal. One is concrete lifting, also known as mudjacking or foam leveling.

Concrete ContractorsWater puddles on concrete can be caused by compacted soil, poor drainage, or heavy rain. These puddles can lead to cracking and other damage. In most cases, these puddles can be fixed using Concrete Lifting Cincinnati. This process involves pumping a slurry of cement under the slab, which raises it back into place. When done properly, it will solve your water ponding problem and also help prevent the issue from occurring again.

Cracks in concrete are the result of a variety of factors, including environmental conditions and volume changes. They can also be a sign of deterioration. Structural cracks are a tripping hazard, especially for uneven sidewalks and driveways that could cause people to fall. They can also be a safety risk for vehicles like scooters and bicycles that can easily get caught on uneven surfaces.

Non-structural cracks can also lead to problems, such as allowing moisture into the structure, which may corrode the reinforcement steel. This can weaken the structure and make it unsafe to use. Concrete repair products, such as a rebar patch or epoxy, can repair cracks. Apply these materials to the cracked concrete, making sure to level out the surface with a trowel afterward.

The freezing and thawing of the winter weather in many parts of the country can cause concrete to shift and settle. This is particularly true of driveways, garage slabs, and interior concrete.

Changing soil conditions can also lead to shifting. For example, if the soil is poorly compacted, it can leave gaps between the concrete and the ground below it. This can eventually lead to shifting and cracking, making the slab unlevel and creating tripping hazards.

If you notice that your concrete is shifting or sinking, it’s time to call a professional. This will ensure that your property remains safe and attractive.

The process of concrete lifting involves injecting expanding polymer into the soil under the sunken or shifting concrete. Once it reaches the voids underneath, the material expands and pushes back up to its original level. This solution is fast, efficient, and less expensive than tearing out and replacing the slab. Depending on its condition, it can be applied to the entire surface or only the damaged section of the concrete.

One of the biggest reasons these puddles happen is that concrete sometimes sinks or tilts due to improper installation. This can occur on a driveway or sidewalk, which can be quite a serious concern.

If this is the case, it may be necessary to have the concrete lifted and replaced. However, this should only be a last resort, as this can be a costly and time-consuming endeavor. For the most part, however, there are several steps that can be taken to fix this issue and ensure that your concrete is always puddle-free.

Curb appeal is a key factor when selling a home, and it can help you sell your home for more money than comparable homes on the market that are in bad condition. In fact, improving curb appeal can add 7 to 10% to your home’s appraised value, according to a joint study by the University of Alabama and the University of Texas at Arlington.

Concrete curbing is a great way to improve your home’s exterior appearance and make it more welcoming to visitors. It can be poured in many different forms and styles, and it can come in several colors and patterns.

Repairing cracks in your driveway, sidewalk and patio is a smart way to enhance your curb appeal and prevent potential water damage to your property. Broken concrete can look unsightly, and it can create a safety hazard for cars and pedestrians.

Fortunately, there are easy ways to fix cracked and sunken concrete that can be completed in a weekend. In addition, concrete leveling is often a lot less expensive than replacing concrete with new.

Turning Useful Tips Into Tangible Article Marketing Ideas

If you have decided that article marketing would be an effective way to reach your target audience, there are a few tips that can help you construct the perfect article. You will want wording that will showcase your business and the products or services that you wish you promote.

 

Write interesting description tags. The more intriguing these are, the more likely you will attract readers to you. These little descriptive markers are what shows up when someone searches for you on a search engine, so the more descriptive you can be in a few short words, the better.

 

You always need to be honest and trustworthy. Many people are not willing to completly trust anything they read online. If you have advertisments for products that you don’t really believe in, your readers will be able to tell, and have more negative thoughts about what you are writing.

 

Put your articles on your site first, unless forbidden. By doing this, your website will gain the attention of the search engines and you will rank more highly. Get the article indexed by the search engines on your site first and then send your articles out in the world to attract more customers.

 

Although it may sound risky, one good way to market your business on the internet is by contradicting the masses. Stir up some controversy by denouncing a popular brand. Criticize someone famous and, preferably, well-liked. Take a dig at a trendy website. Before long, everyone whose feathers you ruffled will be linking to your site and discussing it on blogs and forums nationwide.

 

Putting together a winning article is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps. Article marketing can be highly effective when it reaches the right people. Be sure to consider beforehand, where to place the article and when. These points can make all the difference to its success.

You can also visit our other websites and post your article.

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An SSA student’s perspective on working in construction and practical workshops

Women in South Asia have long been doing intense physical labor in building sites and brick industries for relatively low pay. And, yet it is discouraging to be a part of a heavily male-dominated construction industry. Whenever I passed by a construction site, I felt powerless and afraid of the tools that men carried effortlessly, as if to prove that gender disparity in the labor market exists for a reason. In other words, the construction world felt unattainable in all its toughness.


Image Source: Women at work © The Record Nepal

As an aspiring architect, the dichotomy between architecture and construction seems nonsensical, particularly in the ever-evolving realm of sustainable architecture, where prototyping and experimenting are at the core of design processes. There is also an assumption that architects are above construction workers – a dynamic that sustains social and class imbalance. While there are many structures to criticize about, luckily, there are also associations like Critical Concrete who facilitate three-weeks of intense, hands-on workshops to understand the material, building techniques, and teamwork as part of the post-graduation course in sustainable architecture. The workshop positively shifted my perspective of the construction industry and further expanded my own personal boundaries.

“Let’s get our hands dirty!” architect Hanno Burtscher, instructed a team of ten women who came from different professional backgrounds, race, and geographical locations. Hanno introduced himself as an earthman, with an Austrian sense of humor, quick wit, and great teaching style, he grouped students in pairs to use all four senses except for sight to identify the local materials used for raw earth construction. This is how the welcome ceremony to the workshop began and it had already set a higher bar for the rest of the workshop. The joy of sharing stories moved the conversation from endless banter about cheese and food to serious topics like what sustainable construction means and how the uncertainty during the time of pandemic has affected our lives. In short, the day exuded a sense of togetherness. 


*Sketch by Charlotte Schneider, Alumni, Post Graduation 2020-2021

WEEK 1 | RAW EARTH CONSTRUCTION | HANNO BURTSCHER

The first week of the workshop was a battle – a battle to make proper earth mix to build a heated earthen bench and flooring for the kitchen at Critical Concrete. From the start, we learned that the key components of earth mix are clay, small gravel (0-5 mm), big gravel (5-15 mm), sand (0-4 mm), and water.

Most of us were already aware of the composition elements through our Raw Earth online course, but what made the difference in the practical workshop was the experimentation and improvisation in the mixing process since the excavation materials were available in limited amounts. The question constantly surfaced during the workshop – how do we make the most use of what is available around us? And this was a revelation in itself because theoretically, we learn the ratio – 40% of excavation, 20% of small gravel, 20% of big gravel, 20% of clay, and water – to achieve the desired mix. 

In practice, however, there had to be adjustments in the ratio based on the materials that were available to us. The way we integrated the composite materials together also made a big difference in the quality of the earth mix. So, at times we had to find creative ways of using what was available to us.

“While nearing the end of the earth mix for the floor, we ran out of the large size rocks. My typical mindset is to say, “Let’s just go buy more.” However, with the mindset of Critical Concrete to use what we already have, we were not going to buy more. To finish the mix, we scrounged throughout the construction yard looking for proper sized rocks and were able to get the right volume,” Mary shared her experience. And this was the general experience during the workshop – how to find sustainable solutions when we hit a roadblock.

In our earliest days of the workshop, we dropped a fist-sized earth mix balls from 1 meter height to see whether they stuck together or crumbled. We concluded that the ball should drop in larger pieces rather than completely shattering or sticking together. If it’s too sticky, either the clay or water content is too high which will result in a mixture that won’t be suitable to create a form. The same logic applies for the dry mixture as well. After a process of trial and error, we realized that there was no concrete recipe to achieve the perfect mix. But there were a number of factors that determined the quality of the mix. One of them is the clay content, which is normally 20 percent in total but depending on the situation, it could range from 5 – 30 percent. The purpose of the clay is to bind the materials but the more surface area we have in the mix, the more clay we require, from which we can derive that the smaller the surface area of excavation, the higher clay content would be required to bind it. Simple physics!

Many construction sites are not inviting spaces for women. Women’s work is often considered too frivolous to the degree that they are rendered valueless in the number-driven capitalist economic system. During the workshop, this dynamic was challenged. A team of mostly women and Hanno prepared the foundation for raw earth flooring and built the formwork for the bench. As I was lifting heavy stones and using power tools, I occupied a space that was not ‘normalized’ for women. I quickly realized that the problem wasn’t these too feminine, delicate hands but rather it was the devaluation of women’s work that put women in confinement of patriarchal ideas.

“We either put 100 percent into this or we don’t do it at all,” Hanno remarked while we were putting earth mix into the form work. The workshop was fueled by this exact mindset but was also filled with laughter and leisure in between our hard work. Overall, during the first week with Hanno, he guided us by observing the way we were interpreting the materials. We were able to experiment with the materials and make decisions based on our judgement.

Week 2 | Esposende Building Site | Hugo Dourado, Pietro

Degli Esposti, Martina Eandi

Esposende was roughly a forty-minute drive away from the city of Porto. And when the drive is long, conversations of past, present, and future start bouncing around.

“How do you say it?” Bara from Czech Republic asked.

“Vastu Shastra,” I repeated.

“And that means harmony of energy through design? That is how I would like to design the interior of my place one day,” remarked Charly from Germany. 

The conversation moved in such a way during the Esposende trip. The practical workshop as a part of the post graduation course merged people with similar ideologies, dreams, and passion of bringing social and political change through architecture and urban planning. The workshop also meant more than fulfilling a part of the course. Some of us had flown miles away leaving their usual life to come to Portugal to venture in a new journey.


*Sketch by Charlotte Schneider, Alumni, Post Graduation 2020-2021

The building site was under construction, so there were different tasks that the students could choose from such as fixing the board and batten cladding system, wood charring station, tiling the roof, or constructing a rocket stove.

The name rocket stove in itself made me curious. On top of that, I had also done some research on rocket stoves in one of the Participatory Design courses. I started my second week with Pietro, our Raw Earth course instructor and Martina, Mycelium course instructor, to complete the stove that could be used for both cooking and heating the entire house.

The making of the rocket stove involved lots of earth mix, it didn’t involve knowing rocket science at all. First, a stone wall had to be built to lay an exhaust pipe with an inclination of 30 degrees. The purpose of this was to carry the smoke from the rocket stove out of the house. For the stone wall, we prepared Argamassa (mortar) to attach stones of many sizes together and this alone took days to finish. As soon as the wall was completed, we started to make the exterior of the rocket stove with earth mix. The earth mix was ¼ part lime, 2 ½ part excavation, and ½ part straw. Since we were working with materials that were locally available, the excavation we were using included large stones. We wanted the mix to be a combination of lime, earth, and straw, so we sieved the stones out.

At times building with raw earth felt like cooking, in a sense that there is a process to achieve the result. You cannot skip a part to make the process faster, there is a procedure that you must follow otherwise the mix will not be suitable for construction. Therefore, while making the earth mix, it is important to completely let lime and excavation combine before putting any water. Once lime and excavation are completely mixed, giving off a grey-brown color, you slowly add water and straw to make a mixture. We used the cob technique to compress and compact fist sized balls, smashing it to attach them onto the pre-existing walls.

Slap slap slap!! We were hitting the earth mix on the side with a board to pack it down together. Another important thing that Pietro shared with us was that the cob technique allows us to build 30 cm per day. Since the earth mix is massive and wet, it needs time to dry and be compacted to build another layer on top of it. To keep the layers of earth mix interconnected, we created a vertebra-like structure at the end.

​​The rocket stove workshop made me realize how earth as a material is flexible. I could mold it in any shape I wanted and working on it with hands felt therapeutic. With the rocket stove, we were trying to achieve a dome shaped exterior to give it a character of its own. We molded the earth mix into long tiny sausages to create a curve on the upper part of the stove. It was interesting to see how earth could be shaped into any form with the right formwork which is also one of the big advantages of working with this natural material.

Life on Site

The Esposende building site was located between the ocean and mountains. In the early morning, you could see the tip of the mountains covered in fog and in the late afternoon during those early hot, summer days, you could see the blue ocean in the distance. With our cup of coffee that the Critical Concrete team prepared for us every morning, the day started with division of tasks and the students always got to pick first which task they wanted to be involved in.

After our coffee we all got into the groove and the site came to life again. Some of us were carrying heavy stones, using power tools, hanging on the roof putting tiles while others were listening carefully to what Hugo, our Vernacular Architecture course instructor, with immense knowledge and a sense of perfection, had to teach about board and batten cladding systems. It was fascinating to observe how everybody worked individually and in teams and clearly I wasn’t the only one who thought this. The neighbors in Esposende would walk by observing, commenting on our work, with their hands clasped behind their backs!

“It’s called umarell in Italian,” Linda shared jokingly.

Apparently, in Italian slang, umarell is when elderly people gather to observe construction sites and comment on how to do the work, often with holding their hands behind their back.

I became a umarell when it came to food. The Critical Concrete team prepared big batches of healthy, colorful vegan food during lunch time and we would all observe in awe. The variety of food made from simple ingredients that Critical Concrete provided us inspired me to be creative with food that we eat on a day-to-day basis. How many times do we actually think about eating in a sustainable manner? How do we creatively use leftover food in our diet? These questions among many others helped me unlearn and learn new ways of looking at sustainability.

Week 3 | Furniture Workshop | Samuel Kalika

I noticed how different building materials can be. Whereas with raw earth, exactness is not so important, with wood each millimeter is important. Building beautiful furniture requires many steps, patience, and exactness,” Viviana shared. After working with flexible material like earth, wood seemed like unlocking a whole different dimension. Samuel, our Participatory Design course instructor, understood this well and he made our work easier by giving us instructions on every powerful tool we were using.

Precision was the key. While cutting wood, if it’s 1 cm off, what could we do? We could not undo a cut once it was made neither could we adjust it, so a big part of the furniture workshop was to find a solution on the spot. We used many different tools to achieve the desired finish and construction: a universal machine to obtain desired thickness, sizes, flatness, and straight surfaces; the meter saw; the sander. Gradually the counters for the kitchen in Esposende house began to take shape. “As soon as I started approaching the work, I understood the importance of being precise in all the small details. Once we developed a good flow in the process, the work became easier and faster,” commented participant Linda Tonin.


*Sketch by Charlotte Schneider, Alumni, Post Graduation 2020-2021

While trying to achieve precision, mistakes are bound to occur but this is part of the learning process and that made the experience lighter and took away the fear of judgment. 

“To assemble the pieces, in particular for the bigger elements, we set up a strategy, naming the pieces of wood and measuring the different thicknesses needed for the joining beams. Since different people worked on the cutting process, sometimes the joints’ holes had different sizes. We took these mistakes as an occasion to add different colors of wood to fill the spaces: the mistakes, at the end, added aesthetic value to the furniture pieces,” Linda reflected.

REFLECTION

During the whole workshop, each one of us were sharing our experience of working in different environments. We were trying to understand what our preferences are, what materials, tools we like to use, and which instructors’ teaching style catered to our learning approach.

“Beyond the excitement, time passing and the verge to finish, it was necessary to maintain a safe working space, making sure you and everyone around is comfortable and don’t cause any danger. Having this in mind, I learned how to remain calm and careful with all the tasks, machines and my colleagues. This atmosphere brought a lot of awareness and future-thinking into my habits,” Agnieszka described her experience.

“Starting with the fact that the workshop took me out of all my comfort zones, I can say that the first learning was that the “unknown” can be very good. And the learnings went beyond practical. Being in contact with such an international and so human team certainly awakened in me my best version, my confidence in a more correct and viable future and made me reflect and work on my limiting standards. It was definitely a great achievement to be in a healthy work environment,” shared Júlia.

I resonate with both Agnieszka and Júlia. My experience with working in a group was liberating. It taught me how everybody in a team works differently — how each individual works, thinks, coordinates and cooperates while working on a project. On top of that, our group was very diverse, so learning from each one of them and getting to interact with everybody in-person felt special during this uncertain pandemic time. We were able to transfer our expertise and learn from each other’s skills. At the same time, we were a group of women doing construction work, realizing our own potential and that was empowerment in itself.

On a personal note, the workshop also altered my relationship with the construction industry and my perception of emancipated women. Historically, women have existed within the confinement of domestic space therefore women who occupy space outside of the predictable situations are labeled ‘modern’. And if the working conditions are healthy and their work is comparable to the status of a male, they are given recognition and visibility. But are all women able to get the same visibility and prestige as the emancipated, educated women? Women from lower class and caste in South Asia have been working in extreme conditions in construction sites and brick factories out of economic necessity. They have to go through daily work toxicity in a largely male-dominated workplace. While reflecting back on the practical workshop, I realize the utter importance of an equal workplace environment in the labor industry and greater recognition of those women who have paved the way.

The post An SSA student’s perspective on working in construction and practical workshops appeared first on Critical Concrete.

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What is a Boom Pump?

Have you ever come across a concrete boom pump before? Unless you work in the construction trade, you may be forgiven for not really knowing what a boom pump actually does. However, for commercial and residential construction projects alike, it’s one of the most useful concrete pumping and layering tools out there.

What Exactly is a Concrete Boom Pump?

A concrete boom pump truck is an item that will help to deliver and pour concrete to projects which might have work being undertaken high off of the ground. For example, you may be working on a high-rise building or a block of flats, and it might otherwise be tricky for you to get concrete or cement up to such a height.

Boom pump on construction site.

A boom pump offers a hydraulic arm, which stretches up from the vehicle’s base level to pump concrete directly to the project area. A boom pump can arrive via truck, so that you have a mobile unit at your disposal, or you can also invest in static systems, too. Of course, there are no right or wrong answers as to which system works best here – it’s all a case of considering your individual needs!

You’ll likely want to invest in a concrete boom pump if you are struggling to get those trickier bits of your construction or building project layered in concrete from a standing level. In many cases, this type of pump will take away plenty of time and effort and will make sure that there is less labour involved with concrete layering.

How Else Might a Boom Pump Device be Helpful?

As mentioned, the boom pump system is great if you have high-level concrete pouring needs. It’s also a fantastic asset if there are obstacles or obstructions in your way, and normal concrete pumping or pouring systems are unable to support you.

You might also find that this type of concrete pump is ideal for pouring mix from above down onto a project. Ultimately, you’ll find that a boom pump is going to give you easier access to some of the trickier points and fixtures which traditional concrete solutions just can’t handle.

The best news is that a boom pumping system is very flexible, meaning that while you can generally expect a stretch of around 72m at basic length, you can also invest in extensions or ask for additional help from concrete suppliers.

Is a Boom Pump Right for my Project?

If you are finding laying foundations difficult due to tricky to reach spaces, then a concrete boom pump vehicle could make all the difference. Why not take a look at the pump options available and take a chance on a more flexible system and operation for your building and construction needs?

There’s no need for you to be doing more work and taking on more hassle than you need to. A fantastic boom pumping system could save you time, money, and energy. Take a look at what’s available and compare! If you would like to find out more about how we can help you, get in touch today on 07812 182778 or head over to our contact page for more details.

The post What is a Boom Pump? first appeared on Base Concrete.

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What is Reinforced Concrete?

A lot of you will be familiar with reinforced concrete as a building material, but may not be aware of the finer details. Commercial concrete is often a good solution for building work, we will be discovering a bit more about why this is the case, and the best ways to go about using the material for your building projects.

Everything You Need to Know About Reinforced Concrete

Commercial Concrete

This is concrete used as part of a building project, often used to create or enhance business facilities, industrial buildings, warehouses and retail stores. In an average building, you will find commercial concrete in plenty of spaces, such as the walls, floors and even some architectural details. A large majority of commercial buildings would have been put together with heavy use of commercial concrete. Like domestic concrete it has many benefits when used on a building site, durability being one of the most obvious.

Domestic Concrete

Domestic, or residential concrete usually has less demand placed on it in terms of structural performance and durability, but in itself, it is still considered a durable building material. Domestic concrete floors and pavements usually require a lower strength mix design and lighter reinforcement than commercial concrete.

reinforced concrete floor

Concrete Pumps

The purpose of a concrete pump is to have a tool that can convey liquid concrete. This works by having one piston drawing liquid concrete into a cylinder from a hopper while the other piston simultaneously pushes concrete out into discharge pipes. There will be a valve which can determine the cylinder that is open to the concrete hopper and the one which is open to the discharge pipes, which gets switched over each time the pistons reach an endpoint, with the process continuing with the first cylinder now discharging and the second drawing fresh concrete from the hopper.

Concrete Services

If you need to deal with reinforced concrete there are a couple of things that are crucial to consider. You need to make sure that if you are laying the material yourself you know what you are doing with it. You must also make sure that the concrete is of a high-quality standard. You must have the facilities to mix it correctly as well as an appropriate skill/strength level to physically handle it/the required machinery.

Alternatively, you may need to use the services of a professional concrete company, like Base Concrete, to prepare and lay the concrete and get your building project completed. Commercial concrete can be a great asset to all sorts of projects and can be purchased with some very good deals, just make sure you are only ever involved in using the services of professional and trusted companies. It is almost a guarantee that your area will have quite a lot of concrete services operating in your area where you can purchase your desired amounts of commercial concrete or have a service bring around the material and lay it on your behalf.

So, for all your concrete needs, contact Base Concrete today on 01442 389105. For more details, visit our contact page.

The post What is Reinforced Concrete? first appeared on Base Concrete.

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Why Concrete is a Great Choice for Floors

You may just see concrete as a flooring option that is a pretty standard arrangement, one that places tend to opt for if they can’t think of a better choice. But some noteworthy reasons make concrete a great choice for flooring, it can elevate a stepping space to the next level… Let us take a look at 6 great benefits of concrete flooring and how it can transform the look of your property.

Strength 

If you know anything about the strengths of concrete, you will know that it’s a very durable mixture indeed. We’re talking about a material that can withstand very high volumes of weight, with strong pressure presenting no issues whatsoever. Heavy equipment and vehicles would not be enough to make a dent on a concrete floor. So a concrete floor can easily take all the foot traffic and moving of furniture that the average household is likely to take part in regularly without any issues!

Long-lasting

This durability means that the concrete will hold up and last for years to come. Especially if the concrete flooring is well looked after and sealed, you can expect it to last for a very long period before it becomes anywhere near being worn down. And even when the texture and colour begin to change with age, a long way down the line, that adds a bit of ‘character’ to the style of the flooring and is not a practical issue unless it actually becomes damaged in any respects.

Plenty of design options

Concrete does seem to be stereotyped as a boring flooring type, but that is quite unfair. Designers have come up with a wide range of options, with absolutely loads of different colour and textual effects to choose from. And don’t forget you can stain or paint the surface of concrete for your desired effects and also opt for other specialities such as polished concretes.

Reasonable 

If you’re cost-conscious, whether you’re looking to purchase domestic concrete or require flooring for office space, it remains one of the more economical options available. The clever aspect is that you can choose a faux floor pattern that resembles the style of a much more expensive flooring type for a fraction of the cost.

Easy to Maintain

Another big benefit of concrete is that it’s very easy to maintain. As mentioned, it will keep even better with a seal of some kind, a protective sealant that should be reapplied every 3-9 months on average. Regular sweeping and mopping will help keep the concrete looking fresh and new, but other than that, not much maintenance is required. Polishing your concrete is also a great way to keep it looking its best.

Good for Indoor and Outdoor

A final benefit of concrete flooring is it’s a reliable choice for both indoors and outdoors, so you can have it set up in your home or garden area.

You should enjoy selecting a great looking concrete flooring style, but there is also an alternative option. Consider hiring a mini concrete mixer which for a very small daily fee can produce your required amounts of concrete from the comfort of your garden! This can work out to be a very affordable way of getting the job done! So, for all your concrete needs, contact Base Concrete today on 01442 389105. For more details, visit our contact page.

The post Why Concrete is a Great Choice for Floors first appeared on Base Concrete.

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The Many Uses of Concrete

Where would we be without concrete? It’s one of the most versatile and essential products for almost all construction projects across the world. It’s a substance that fills our world and can be seen in almost everything we see, but also one that is so easily overlooked.

There are so many uses for concrete. Its applications and uses are more varied and more widespread than you can imagine. There are over 20 different types of concrete that are used in a multitude of construction projects, but what are the most popular applications for it? What is it that makes concrete such an advantageous material to use, and how is it used in both domestic and commercial developments. Let’s take a look.

Origins of Concrete

Concrete, in one form or another, has been with us since 6500 BC. It can be traced back to what is now, the United Arab Emirates, where Nabataea traders created concrete floors, houses and even underground cisterns.

The Egyptians were using it to build the pyramids in 3000 BC, where they used mortars of lime and gypsum to create their version of cement. It was also used, not surprisingly perhaps, to help construct the Great Wall of China. It didn’t become concrete, at least what we recognise it as today, until the 1800s, but since then, its uses have grown more and more.

Buildings

For any of us living in a house or working in a building, it’s likely to be made from brick and mortar to some degree. In the UK, it took off after World War II as part of the rebuilding efforts. Nowadays, it’s probably the most popular application of concrete in the modern age and will be for centuries to come.

Foundation

Even if the building itself is more steel and glass, its foundations will be made from or secured in, concrete. Concrete is so popular because it won’t burn or rot, which means that the foundation is going to maintain its strength and rigidity for many years.

Roads and Bridges

As we move up in the world, the very streets you walk on and the bridges you use to cross those roads will also be made of concrete. Again, concrete wins against other materials because of its durability and safety. It might not be obvious, but another advantage of concrete in these environments is that it offers better reflectivity at night. Of course, it’s not just pedestrians it has to support, but because it can hold heavier weights, such as cars and trucks, it’s the perfect material to use.

Why Concrete has so Many Uses

The applications for concrete don’t stop there. They are only the start. Concrete is so popular in different projects simply because of its adaptability. It’s not sensitive to moisture, can be shaped and moulded into almost any design, affordable and is recyclable.

It has a very long lifespan, doesn’t release any dangerous organic compounds and is just as safe for inhabitants. It’s easy to forget the difference concrete has made to our world, but just look around and you’ll see that it’s everywhere.

Contact Us

Thank you for reading this blog post. Should you be looking for any mixes or perhaps ready mixed concrete itself, then we can deliver it straight to your door. So, if you have any upcoming tasks, then get in touch today on 01442 389105 or visit our contact page for more details.

The post The Many Uses of Concrete first appeared on Base Concrete.