What You Should Know About Concrete Repair

When you’re looking for Concrete Repair you should consider the type of repair you’re seeking. There are several different types, each with different costs and methods. In this article, we’ll discuss the methods and materials to choose from. This will also help you make an informed decision about which method is best for your project.Concrete Repair

Before you can apply a concrete repair material, you must first prepare the area to be repaired. This means removing any crumbled areas. In smaller areas, you can use a heavy-duty trowel to scrape away the crumbled material. Large areas, however, require a sled or cold chisel. You should also sweep the area well to remove any debris.

When applying a concrete repair material, proper surface preparation is essential for the adhesive to adhere to the concrete substrate. A poor preparation process will cause the adhesive to fail. Good surface preparation will also ensure a solid bond between the repair materials and the concrete substrate. Good bonding will help ensure a long-lasting repair and prevent costly repairs.

In addition to testing the adhesiveness of the concrete repair material, the surface must be tested for grease and oil. If there are any of these contaminants, the application of acid etching will fail. Also, water droplets that bead on the surface of the concrete will indicate the presence of contaminants or sealing agents. This will also give an idea of the level of moisture content.

Surface preparation is important for any type of concrete repair project. Depending on the purpose of the repair, the concrete surface must be clean and level. In reinforced concrete, the surface must be properly bonded with reinforcing steel. This is critical to the expected performance of reinforced concrete. Different surface preparation methods may be necessary, depending on the type of repair.

Using bonding agents to strengthen the bond between the concrete and surface may be useful in some cases. However, they should never be used as a substitute for proper surface preparation. If applied incorrectly, they can cause a weak plane. Furthermore, bonding agents should not be allowed to cure before application of the repair mortar. Otherwise, they can break the bond and cause the repair to fail. Another option is to use sprayed repair mortars. This method is better than using a traditional concrete repair method because they have better bonding properties.

Before applying a concrete repair material, you must clean the area thoroughly. In addition to removing any debris, the area must be free of corrosion products. These corrosion products can compromise the structural capacity of the reinforcement. In order to avoid this, you must thoroughly clean the area to AS1627 Part 4 or AS1627 Part 2 before applying any repair material.

The selection of materials for concrete repair is a critical step in the repair process. Several factors should be taken into account, including the type of deterioration, the method of application, and the cost. It is also critical to choose a material that will be compatible with the parent material and will not shrink. A variety of repair materials are available in the market, and each has its own benefits and drawbacks.

Concrete repair materials can come in different forms, such as adhesives, sealants, and patches. Some companies also offer custom-designed coatings. These materials can withstand a variety of environmental conditions, including salt spray, humidity, and water immersion. In addition, they can provide durability and strength to the concrete.

In addition to concrete repair materials, manufacturers also offer grouting systems and polyurethane epoxies. They can be used to repair concrete structures that are made of mixed materials. These products are compatible with a variety of substrates, including wood, glass, and metal. There are a variety of adhesives available to repair concrete surfaces, including pressure-sensitive adhesives, structural adhesives, and a variety of other products.

A quick-setting repair mortar is another option. This material allows the contractor to work with the repair material in as little as 20 minutes, and it is a perfect choice for overhead or structural surfaces. It meets ASTM C 928-R-2 standards and can be applied with a trowel. These materials will dry to a normal setting within a couple of days. A sand-cement grout is an excellent bonding agent, but thick, creamy consistency is required to prevent grout pockets. It is crucial to place the repair material before the grout dries and to remove any voids.

Turning Useful Tips Into Tangible Article Marketing Ideas

If you have decided that article marketing would be an effective way to reach your target audience, there are a few tips that can help you construct the perfect article. You will want wording that will showcase your business and the products or services that you wish you promote.


Write interesting description tags. The more intriguing these are, the more likely you will attract readers to you. These little descriptive markers are what shows up when someone searches for you on a search engine, so the more descriptive you can be in a few short words, the better.


You always need to be honest and trustworthy. Many people are not willing to completly trust anything they read online. If you have advertisments for products that you don’t really believe in, your readers will be able to tell, and have more negative thoughts about what you are writing.


Put your articles on your site first, unless forbidden. By doing this, your website will gain the attention of the search engines and you will rank more highly. Get the article indexed by the search engines on your site first and then send your articles out in the world to attract more customers.


Although it may sound risky, one good way to market your business on the internet is by contradicting the masses. Stir up some controversy by denouncing a popular brand. Criticize someone famous and, preferably, well-liked. Take a dig at a trendy website. Before long, everyone whose feathers you ruffled will be linking to your site and discussing it on blogs and forums nationwide.


Putting together a winning article is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps. Article marketing can be highly effective when it reaches the right people. Be sure to consider beforehand, where to place the article and when. These points can make all the difference to its success.

You can also visit our other websites and post your article.

NAACP El Paso,  Sam-Virtual , The Business Coalition, The Ecommerce Digest , Trinet Com,  TRV Health Shop,  Union County Biz,  Chat Hamborough Farmers Market ,  Order Course Work , Learn Anywhere Now,  The Light Angel,  Innova-Martin,  Panduit Virtual , Steam IST Co ,Home Health Care Marketing 360 ,  Ontario Vernal Pools,  Passive Aggressive Investor , Pro Aerial League , Morgan Construction Company , Daley for Wisconsin, Sailing Experiences, Construction-Engineering-Mining , Justice For Genocide, 3555 Pacific ,Mix It In I Matrix,  Hughes-Calihan , Clever Fish Media,  Hope-Ranch-Real-Estate , Journey Through Aging,  Scotts Dale Thrives,  Amazing Siding STL,  The Visual Concrete Group,  Kiwanis Activities , Dekatni , Freckles Cafe in Verell,  Bishop Gallery,  Cincinnati Trees er Vice Care ,Accounting 4 Quick Books , Taa Site , Employ Right


What Is A Niche Edit?

Niche edits are a method of getting your website content indexed on other websites. They are similar to guest posting, but they are easier to accept by website owners. When writing articles for different websites, you want to make sure the essay has the most authority so that Google can figure out if it’s a new backlink or not. This is especially important when writing articles for blogs because Google will discount any link juice from your blog.What Is A Niche Edit

While it may sound like cheating, niche edits are not illegal. They are a brilliant way to boost your site’s rankings. When a blog owner does it, he can get tons of targeted traffic. It’s easy to do, and the process is easy once you know what you’re doing. Here are some steps to get started. For starters, Go now and find a blog owner that allows guest posting.

Next, you’ll want to add more supporting documents. These are the pages that are on your website. These are mainly created for the sole purpose of ranking your main page. The supporting documents will contain important keywords and will link back to your main page. If you’re a local newspaper, you’ll likely have a lot of internal pages that are useful for cleaning backlinks. If you want to get high-quality backlinks from your blog, you need to focus on creating quality content and building your backlinks.

In conclusion, niche edits are an excellent SEO tool that will boost your rankings in a matter of months. Remember, however, that a Niche Edit doesn’t necessarily mean your website will be indexed overnight, so it’s crucial to choose a quality provider. If you’re going to invest your money in a backlink, make sure you’re not wasting your time or money on a backlink that’s not relevant to your topic.

A niche edit is a strategy of getting backlinks from other sites by inserting a link into another article. In contrast to a guest post, a niche edit is different from guest posting, which requires the permission of the site’s owner. A niche edit is the best way to promote a website, but it’s not the best option for every website. You should always be careful with a Niche Edit, but it can be a useful tool for your business.

A Niche edit is a type of backlink that can help you gain instant rankings. A Niche edit is the same as a guest post, but a niche edit is a backlink that’s inserted into an article’s existing content. A niche edit is a great way to promote your website on the internet. The benefit of a Niche Edit is the link that points to your website.

A Niche edit is a form of link building that aims to increase your website’s ranking on major search engines, such as Google. While it sounds like it might be a niche edit, it is also a link building method. It’s often cheaper than guest posts and offers a higher amount of power. If you want a high-quality backlink, you should try a Niche Edit.

A Niche edit is a link that focuses on a specific niche. In many cases, a Niche Edit is more effective than a guest post. The link will be placed on an authority website or in an article that’s relevant to the topic. It is also less risky than PBNs. The backlinks in a Niche Edit are clean, relevant, and will work for your website.

A Niche Edit is a backlink that combines two forms. Unlike guest posts, a Niche Edit is not a guest post. Instead, it is a rewritten article. This means that the same article is not linked to the same site. A Niche Edit is a white-hat link, which means it is a legitimate backlink. It doesn’t have any coding and isn’t visible to Google.


Preparing For a Basement Remodelling Project

Before you begin the project, you must clean up and remove all the old furniture, carpeting, and other items. This will help you avoid creating a huge mess when you’re finished. Next, you’ll want to remove any utility lines and electrical wiring. If you’re doing this project yourself, make sure to mark them with chalk or some other visible material to prevent accidentally cutting them. It also helps to know how much space is available in your basement. Hiring Remodeling Contractors Omaha can make the job easier for you. They can help you with your renovation needs and will provide you with quality output based on your expectations. 


After removing all the old carpet and padding, you’ll want to install new flooring and drywall. This will increase the comfort level in your basement. You’ll want to make sure the flooring has padding so you don’t slip or fall. If you’re doing it yourself, it’s best to choose a carpet or rubber flooring so you’ll have some extra padding. Additionally, you’ll want to add a few mirrors to improve lighting in the room and help you visualize your workout poses.

After waterproofing your basement, you’ll need to prepare for the remodelling process. You may have to obtain a building permit if you’re doing any electrical work or plumbing. Depending on the size and scope of your project, you might have to undergo inspections or get an electrical permit. Hiring a professional can save you time, money, and safety. A good contractor can make the entire process easier for you. If you’re going to remodel your basement yourself, it’s best to hire a professional. It’s not only safer, but can add to your home’s value.

As with any project, a basement remodelling project requires a lot of planning and preparation. You can start by painting the ceiling or adding drywall. However, you may want to add a bathroom or electrical wiring to the space. Of course, your budget will determine your plans, so you may need to enlist the assistance of a professional to do some of the work for you. It is important to develop a design for the remodelling project before you begin the actual remodelling.

While a basement remodelling project is more expensive than an addition to your house, the overall cost will be lower. In addition, you’ll save money by completing the basement first. It will also be a great opportunity for you to add a bathroom. When you’re finished, you’ll be happy with the results. It’s possible to use the space for other purposes, too. A bathroom in the basement can be a perfect location for a party.

Before beginning the remodelling process, you must plan for the space in question. Your design should include a layout that helps you move around easily. It should be easy to see where your equipment is, and that it has a comfortable floor. A home gym can be a great place for a fitness studio. A good gym should include a variety of different equipment, such as dumbbells, resistance bands, and benches. The right lighting can make a difference in the quality of the space.

Once you’ve finished the planning stage, you’ll need to make a plan. Whether you’re planning to install new surfaces and fixtures, or tearing down walls and add a bathroom, you’ll need to figure out the size and shape of your new space. If you’re unsure of what you’re doing, consider the cost and the scope of the project. You might even want to consider hiring a professional to help you. If your plan is too expensive, consider the potential costs of hiring a contractor instead.

Once you have a plan in mind, it’s time to start the remodelling process. Depending on the scope of your project, you may need to have a building permit, install plumbing, or electrical work done. Remember that your plans will be limited by the amount of money you have to spend. A professional will be able to help you with the details. If you need help, consider hiring a professional to help you with the planning phase.

When it comes to building a gym, you can use simple equipment or more expensive machines. The flooring should provide enough cushioning for your workout, and you can also use carpet if you want. If you’re planning on adding a bathroom, you’ll need to have a building permit. This will cost anywhere from $100 to over three thousand dollars, depending on the situation. Getting the permits you need will be a key part of the remodelling process.


Concrete Repair Contractors

Finding a concrete repair contractor is easy if you know what to look for. The best ones will have high-quality artistry and adhere to strict company guidelines to ensure the repairs are done correctly. If you find one not qualified to work on your particular project, you should look elsewhere. There are many things to consider before hiring a repair contractor. For instance, the material used for repairing concrete should be strong enough to withstand the impact of heavy machinery. The cost of replacement is likely to be too high for your budget.concrete repair contractors

Concrete Repair specialists will first assess the extent of the problem and recommend the appropriate repair method. A contractor will help you determine which way is best for your specific situation and the type of damage. Some concrete can be repaired, while others will need to be completely replaced. Whether you need a small crack or a large crack, a certified professional can assess the damage and suggest the most appropriate solution. A good repair contractor will also be able to help you determine if your needs are within the scope of the project.

Another service that a concrete repair contractor provides is assessing and evaluating the problem. This process involves repairing a hole or crack in the concrete. A contractor will need to know the extent of the problem before determining the best solution. This is why a concrete leveling company is a great choice. A certified professional will also have the skills and experience needed to perform a crack-free concrete surface. The best way to determine whether a repair company is right for you is to ask for a free cost estimate.

If you are unsure about whether you should hire a concrete repair contractor, consult with a professional and see if they offer a guarantee of quality. These contractors will provide excellent results. They will ensure that your property is protected from any possible damages. They will be able to assess the condition of your property, and they will give you an estimate for the work. They will also explain what you need to do to fix the problem.

A concrete repair contractor will be able to identify the exact problem in your concrete. They will have the skills to diagnose and remedy the problems, as well as to recommend a concrete patching method. Once you have a quote, a technician will then start the repairs. A professional will also know how to assess the damage. The process is more convenient and efficient than looking for a repair contractor in person. If you have an estimate, you can then contact a local concrete repair specialist.

If you are in need of a concrete repair contractor, it is important to find a reliable company that is licensed and insured. The company should also have all the necessary equipment for the job. Aside from being insured and licensed, the concrete repair contractors should also be insured. In the end, the contractor should make sure the concrete is secure. The contractors should have the proper training and knowledge to repair the damages caused by the concrete. This will ensure that they provide quality service.

Choosing a concrete repair contractor is an essential step in a building. If you want to ensure that the repairs are done correctly, you must choose a company that is capable of fixing all of the problems. A concrete repair contractor can help you avoid future costly mistakes and increase the life of your project. Aside from the aesthetic appeal, a professional can also ensure the safety of the building. You can be sure of the quality of work of a certified contractor.

If you want your driveway to look beautiful, you should hire a concrete repair contractor. If you need new concrete steps and porches, hire a concrete repair contractor. A professional will be able to evaluate the condition of the concrete. They will also have the expertise to give you an estimate for repairing the damaged areas. It is essential to know that a quality repair company will be able to give you a free estimate.


Sidewalk Masonry

Sidewalk masonry can be an excellent option for a new home. The materials and design options available today are endless, and you can easily create the perfect walkway for your space. When building a sidewalk, it is important to consider the material and shape that will complement the rest of your house. There are several options for creating the perfect walkway. Masonry offers a variety of sidewalk solutions. Whether you want a curved or straight sidewalk, they can help you create the perfect surface.

masonry contractor

To start laying concrete sidewalks, you need to find a good day for work. While the sand will settle down, it can be a bit frantic once it dries and binds. So make sure to get two reliable helpers and invest in professional-grade tools and equipment for the project. In addition, you’ll need to use a large push broom to rake the sand into the joints.

You can also choose to use precast concrete pavers, which are more durable and resistant to water and pressure. These bricks are also easy to repair if there are any rips or tears in the walkway. And while the process of pouring the sidewalk is much faster than excavating the base, it can be a challenging task if the sidewalk isn’t completely flat. Aside from a heavy machine, you may also need a pickaxe to cut out roots and sod.

The process of laying bricks in a walkway is quite simple. The size and shape of the stones make it a difficult task for a layman, but a hand tamper works just fine. The tamper is held vertically and can achieve a lift of one to two inches. However, large irregular stones need a mechanical tamper for proper placement. To compact the bricks, a rubber mallet is an excellent tool.

Digging out the sidewalk is the first step of the process. Then, using a 6-in. ripped hardboard siding, you can mark the shape of the sidewalk with upside-down spray paint. After that, you can start laying the pipes using spacer blocks. Once the form is in place, it is time to set the beds and mark the corners. As you lay the bricks, it is important to take measurements to determine the distance of the walkway.

For long flat areas, it is best to dig the sidewalk deeper than the surrounding soil. To create the perfect slope, you should dig out the bricks six inches deep, but remember to leave enough space to set the forms. When the bricks are buried, the foundation is in the ground. Therefore, it is important to consider drainage issues and any underlying area that has slopes. By carefully measuring the length of the sidewalk, you can find the most suitable location for the steps and forms.

You can choose to use rigid or flexible plywood for the sidewalk. It is important to use a leveler for the concrete, as it can easily cause cracks. A leveling tool will ensure that the concrete is even and level. Moreover, it will ensure that the walkway is safe for pedestrians. Besides, it will also make the sidewalk look great. The edging tool should be longer than the width of the sidewalk, as it will be more durable.

After the setting bed is ready, you can begin laying the flagstones. Assign a starting point; choose a corner or wall on the side of your house. If the stone is irregular or not shaped, you can use it as a starter. Once the setting bed is finished, you can lay the flagstones in the desired pattern. As long as the stones are level, the finished sidewalk will be stronger than the existing surfaces on the ground.

Before completing the sidewalk, make sure that the area is dry before laying the concrete. You should also purchase a strong and flexible concrete form. You can get the broom at a full-service lumberyard. Alternatively, you can buy a flexible form and float material at home centers. If you’re unsure how to measure the length of your walk, you can do so with a tape measure and divide it by 16 to get the number of siding you need.


An SSA student’s perspective on working in construction and practical workshops

Women in South Asia have long been doing intense physical labor in building sites and brick industries for relatively low pay. And, yet it is discouraging to be a part of a heavily male-dominated construction industry. Whenever I passed by a construction site, I felt powerless and afraid of the tools that men carried effortlessly, as if to prove that gender disparity in the labor market exists for a reason. In other words, the construction world felt unattainable in all its toughness.

Image Source: Women at work © The Record Nepal

As an aspiring architect, the dichotomy between architecture and construction seems nonsensical, particularly in the ever-evolving realm of sustainable architecture, where prototyping and experimenting are at the core of design processes. There is also an assumption that architects are above construction workers – a dynamic that sustains social and class imbalance. While there are many structures to criticize about, luckily, there are also associations like Critical Concrete who facilitate three-weeks of intense, hands-on workshops to understand the material, building techniques, and teamwork as part of the post-graduation course in sustainable architecture. The workshop positively shifted my perspective of the construction industry and further expanded my own personal boundaries.

“Let’s get our hands dirty!” architect Hanno Burtscher, instructed a team of ten women who came from different professional backgrounds, race, and geographical locations. Hanno introduced himself as an earthman, with an Austrian sense of humor, quick wit, and great teaching style, he grouped students in pairs to use all four senses except for sight to identify the local materials used for raw earth construction. This is how the welcome ceremony to the workshop began and it had already set a higher bar for the rest of the workshop. The joy of sharing stories moved the conversation from endless banter about cheese and food to serious topics like what sustainable construction means and how the uncertainty during the time of pandemic has affected our lives. In short, the day exuded a sense of togetherness. 

*Sketch by Charlotte Schneider, Alumni, Post Graduation 2020-2021


The first week of the workshop was a battle – a battle to make proper earth mix to build a heated earthen bench and flooring for the kitchen at Critical Concrete. From the start, we learned that the key components of earth mix are clay, small gravel (0-5 mm), big gravel (5-15 mm), sand (0-4 mm), and water.

Most of us were already aware of the composition elements through our Raw Earth online course, but what made the difference in the practical workshop was the experimentation and improvisation in the mixing process since the excavation materials were available in limited amounts. The question constantly surfaced during the workshop – how do we make the most use of what is available around us? And this was a revelation in itself because theoretically, we learn the ratio – 40% of excavation, 20% of small gravel, 20% of big gravel, 20% of clay, and water – to achieve the desired mix. 

In practice, however, there had to be adjustments in the ratio based on the materials that were available to us. The way we integrated the composite materials together also made a big difference in the quality of the earth mix. So, at times we had to find creative ways of using what was available to us.

“While nearing the end of the earth mix for the floor, we ran out of the large size rocks. My typical mindset is to say, “Let’s just go buy more.” However, with the mindset of Critical Concrete to use what we already have, we were not going to buy more. To finish the mix, we scrounged throughout the construction yard looking for proper sized rocks and were able to get the right volume,” Mary shared her experience. And this was the general experience during the workshop – how to find sustainable solutions when we hit a roadblock.

In our earliest days of the workshop, we dropped a fist-sized earth mix balls from 1 meter height to see whether they stuck together or crumbled. We concluded that the ball should drop in larger pieces rather than completely shattering or sticking together. If it’s too sticky, either the clay or water content is too high which will result in a mixture that won’t be suitable to create a form. The same logic applies for the dry mixture as well. After a process of trial and error, we realized that there was no concrete recipe to achieve the perfect mix. But there were a number of factors that determined the quality of the mix. One of them is the clay content, which is normally 20 percent in total but depending on the situation, it could range from 5 – 30 percent. The purpose of the clay is to bind the materials but the more surface area we have in the mix, the more clay we require, from which we can derive that the smaller the surface area of excavation, the higher clay content would be required to bind it. Simple physics!

Many construction sites are not inviting spaces for women. Women’s work is often considered too frivolous to the degree that they are rendered valueless in the number-driven capitalist economic system. During the workshop, this dynamic was challenged. A team of mostly women and Hanno prepared the foundation for raw earth flooring and built the formwork for the bench. As I was lifting heavy stones and using power tools, I occupied a space that was not ‘normalized’ for women. I quickly realized that the problem wasn’t these too feminine, delicate hands but rather it was the devaluation of women’s work that put women in confinement of patriarchal ideas.

“We either put 100 percent into this or we don’t do it at all,” Hanno remarked while we were putting earth mix into the form work. The workshop was fueled by this exact mindset but was also filled with laughter and leisure in between our hard work. Overall, during the first week with Hanno, he guided us by observing the way we were interpreting the materials. We were able to experiment with the materials and make decisions based on our judgement.

Week 2 | Esposende Building Site | Hugo Dourado, Pietro

Degli Esposti, Martina Eandi

Esposende was roughly a forty-minute drive away from the city of Porto. And when the drive is long, conversations of past, present, and future start bouncing around.

“How do you say it?” Bara from Czech Republic asked.

“Vastu Shastra,” I repeated.

“And that means harmony of energy through design? That is how I would like to design the interior of my place one day,” remarked Charly from Germany. 

The conversation moved in such a way during the Esposende trip. The practical workshop as a part of the post graduation course merged people with similar ideologies, dreams, and passion of bringing social and political change through architecture and urban planning. The workshop also meant more than fulfilling a part of the course. Some of us had flown miles away leaving their usual life to come to Portugal to venture in a new journey.

*Sketch by Charlotte Schneider, Alumni, Post Graduation 2020-2021

The building site was under construction, so there were different tasks that the students could choose from such as fixing the board and batten cladding system, wood charring station, tiling the roof, or constructing a rocket stove.

The name rocket stove in itself made me curious. On top of that, I had also done some research on rocket stoves in one of the Participatory Design courses. I started my second week with Pietro, our Raw Earth course instructor and Martina, Mycelium course instructor, to complete the stove that could be used for both cooking and heating the entire house.

The making of the rocket stove involved lots of earth mix, it didn’t involve knowing rocket science at all. First, a stone wall had to be built to lay an exhaust pipe with an inclination of 30 degrees. The purpose of this was to carry the smoke from the rocket stove out of the house. For the stone wall, we prepared Argamassa (mortar) to attach stones of many sizes together and this alone took days to finish. As soon as the wall was completed, we started to make the exterior of the rocket stove with earth mix. The earth mix was ¼ part lime, 2 ½ part excavation, and ½ part straw. Since we were working with materials that were locally available, the excavation we were using included large stones. We wanted the mix to be a combination of lime, earth, and straw, so we sieved the stones out.

At times building with raw earth felt like cooking, in a sense that there is a process to achieve the result. You cannot skip a part to make the process faster, there is a procedure that you must follow otherwise the mix will not be suitable for construction. Therefore, while making the earth mix, it is important to completely let lime and excavation combine before putting any water. Once lime and excavation are completely mixed, giving off a grey-brown color, you slowly add water and straw to make a mixture. We used the cob technique to compress and compact fist sized balls, smashing it to attach them onto the pre-existing walls.

Slap slap slap!! We were hitting the earth mix on the side with a board to pack it down together. Another important thing that Pietro shared with us was that the cob technique allows us to build 30 cm per day. Since the earth mix is massive and wet, it needs time to dry and be compacted to build another layer on top of it. To keep the layers of earth mix interconnected, we created a vertebra-like structure at the end.

​​The rocket stove workshop made me realize how earth as a material is flexible. I could mold it in any shape I wanted and working on it with hands felt therapeutic. With the rocket stove, we were trying to achieve a dome shaped exterior to give it a character of its own. We molded the earth mix into long tiny sausages to create a curve on the upper part of the stove. It was interesting to see how earth could be shaped into any form with the right formwork which is also one of the big advantages of working with this natural material.

Life on Site

The Esposende building site was located between the ocean and mountains. In the early morning, you could see the tip of the mountains covered in fog and in the late afternoon during those early hot, summer days, you could see the blue ocean in the distance. With our cup of coffee that the Critical Concrete team prepared for us every morning, the day started with division of tasks and the students always got to pick first which task they wanted to be involved in.

After our coffee we all got into the groove and the site came to life again. Some of us were carrying heavy stones, using power tools, hanging on the roof putting tiles while others were listening carefully to what Hugo, our Vernacular Architecture course instructor, with immense knowledge and a sense of perfection, had to teach about board and batten cladding systems. It was fascinating to observe how everybody worked individually and in teams and clearly I wasn’t the only one who thought this. The neighbors in Esposende would walk by observing, commenting on our work, with their hands clasped behind their backs!

“It’s called umarell in Italian,” Linda shared jokingly.

Apparently, in Italian slang, umarell is when elderly people gather to observe construction sites and comment on how to do the work, often with holding their hands behind their back.

I became a umarell when it came to food. The Critical Concrete team prepared big batches of healthy, colorful vegan food during lunch time and we would all observe in awe. The variety of food made from simple ingredients that Critical Concrete provided us inspired me to be creative with food that we eat on a day-to-day basis. How many times do we actually think about eating in a sustainable manner? How do we creatively use leftover food in our diet? These questions among many others helped me unlearn and learn new ways of looking at sustainability.

Week 3 | Furniture Workshop | Samuel Kalika

I noticed how different building materials can be. Whereas with raw earth, exactness is not so important, with wood each millimeter is important. Building beautiful furniture requires many steps, patience, and exactness,” Viviana shared. After working with flexible material like earth, wood seemed like unlocking a whole different dimension. Samuel, our Participatory Design course instructor, understood this well and he made our work easier by giving us instructions on every powerful tool we were using.

Precision was the key. While cutting wood, if it’s 1 cm off, what could we do? We could not undo a cut once it was made neither could we adjust it, so a big part of the furniture workshop was to find a solution on the spot. We used many different tools to achieve the desired finish and construction: a universal machine to obtain desired thickness, sizes, flatness, and straight surfaces; the meter saw; the sander. Gradually the counters for the kitchen in Esposende house began to take shape. “As soon as I started approaching the work, I understood the importance of being precise in all the small details. Once we developed a good flow in the process, the work became easier and faster,” commented participant Linda Tonin.

*Sketch by Charlotte Schneider, Alumni, Post Graduation 2020-2021

While trying to achieve precision, mistakes are bound to occur but this is part of the learning process and that made the experience lighter and took away the fear of judgment. 

“To assemble the pieces, in particular for the bigger elements, we set up a strategy, naming the pieces of wood and measuring the different thicknesses needed for the joining beams. Since different people worked on the cutting process, sometimes the joints’ holes had different sizes. We took these mistakes as an occasion to add different colors of wood to fill the spaces: the mistakes, at the end, added aesthetic value to the furniture pieces,” Linda reflected.


During the whole workshop, each one of us were sharing our experience of working in different environments. We were trying to understand what our preferences are, what materials, tools we like to use, and which instructors’ teaching style catered to our learning approach.

“Beyond the excitement, time passing and the verge to finish, it was necessary to maintain a safe working space, making sure you and everyone around is comfortable and don’t cause any danger. Having this in mind, I learned how to remain calm and careful with all the tasks, machines and my colleagues. This atmosphere brought a lot of awareness and future-thinking into my habits,” Agnieszka described her experience.

“Starting with the fact that the workshop took me out of all my comfort zones, I can say that the first learning was that the “unknown” can be very good. And the learnings went beyond practical. Being in contact with such an international and so human team certainly awakened in me my best version, my confidence in a more correct and viable future and made me reflect and work on my limiting standards. It was definitely a great achievement to be in a healthy work environment,” shared Júlia.

I resonate with both Agnieszka and Júlia. My experience with working in a group was liberating. It taught me how everybody in a team works differently — how each individual works, thinks, coordinates and cooperates while working on a project. On top of that, our group was very diverse, so learning from each one of them and getting to interact with everybody in-person felt special during this uncertain pandemic time. We were able to transfer our expertise and learn from each other’s skills. At the same time, we were a group of women doing construction work, realizing our own potential and that was empowerment in itself.

On a personal note, the workshop also altered my relationship with the construction industry and my perception of emancipated women. Historically, women have existed within the confinement of domestic space therefore women who occupy space outside of the predictable situations are labeled ‘modern’. And if the working conditions are healthy and their work is comparable to the status of a male, they are given recognition and visibility. But are all women able to get the same visibility and prestige as the emancipated, educated women? Women from lower class and caste in South Asia have been working in extreme conditions in construction sites and brick factories out of economic necessity. They have to go through daily work toxicity in a largely male-dominated workplace. While reflecting back on the practical workshop, I realize the utter importance of an equal workplace environment in the labor industry and greater recognition of those women who have paved the way.

The post An SSA student’s perspective on working in construction and practical workshops appeared first on Critical Concrete.

Did you miss our previous article…


What is a Boom Pump?

Have you ever come across a concrete boom pump before? Unless you work in the construction trade, you may be forgiven for not really knowing what a boom pump actually does. However, for commercial and residential construction projects alike, it’s one of the most useful concrete pumping and layering tools out there.

What Exactly is a Concrete Boom Pump?

A concrete boom pump truck is an item that will help to deliver and pour concrete to projects which might have work being undertaken high off of the ground. For example, you may be working on a high-rise building or a block of flats, and it might otherwise be tricky for you to get concrete or cement up to such a height.

Boom pump on construction site.

A boom pump offers a hydraulic arm, which stretches up from the vehicle’s base level to pump concrete directly to the project area. A boom pump can arrive via truck, so that you have a mobile unit at your disposal, or you can also invest in static systems, too. Of course, there are no right or wrong answers as to which system works best here – it’s all a case of considering your individual needs!

You’ll likely want to invest in a concrete boom pump if you are struggling to get those trickier bits of your construction or building project layered in concrete from a standing level. In many cases, this type of pump will take away plenty of time and effort and will make sure that there is less labour involved with concrete layering.

How Else Might a Boom Pump Device be Helpful?

As mentioned, the boom pump system is great if you have high-level concrete pouring needs. It’s also a fantastic asset if there are obstacles or obstructions in your way, and normal concrete pumping or pouring systems are unable to support you.

You might also find that this type of concrete pump is ideal for pouring mix from above down onto a project. Ultimately, you’ll find that a boom pump is going to give you easier access to some of the trickier points and fixtures which traditional concrete solutions just can’t handle.

The best news is that a boom pumping system is very flexible, meaning that while you can generally expect a stretch of around 72m at basic length, you can also invest in extensions or ask for additional help from concrete suppliers.

Is a Boom Pump Right for my Project?

If you are finding laying foundations difficult due to tricky to reach spaces, then a concrete boom pump vehicle could make all the difference. Why not take a look at the pump options available and take a chance on a more flexible system and operation for your building and construction needs?

There’s no need for you to be doing more work and taking on more hassle than you need to. A fantastic boom pumping system could save you time, money, and energy. Take a look at what’s available and compare! If you would like to find out more about how we can help you, get in touch today on 07812 182778 or head over to our contact page for more details.

The post What is a Boom Pump? first appeared on Base Concrete.


What is Reinforced Concrete?

A lot of you will be familiar with reinforced concrete as a building material, but may not be aware of the finer details. Commercial concrete is often a good solution for building work, we will be discovering a bit more about why this is the case, and the best ways to go about using the material for your building projects.

Everything You Need to Know About Reinforced Concrete

Commercial Concrete

This is concrete used as part of a building project, often used to create or enhance business facilities, industrial buildings, warehouses and retail stores. In an average building, you will find commercial concrete in plenty of spaces, such as the walls, floors and even some architectural details. A large majority of commercial buildings would have been put together with heavy use of commercial concrete. Like domestic concrete it has many benefits when used on a building site, durability being one of the most obvious.

Domestic Concrete

Domestic, or residential concrete usually has less demand placed on it in terms of structural performance and durability, but in itself, it is still considered a durable building material. Domestic concrete floors and pavements usually require a lower strength mix design and lighter reinforcement than commercial concrete.

reinforced concrete floor

Concrete Pumps

The purpose of a concrete pump is to have a tool that can convey liquid concrete. This works by having one piston drawing liquid concrete into a cylinder from a hopper while the other piston simultaneously pushes concrete out into discharge pipes. There will be a valve which can determine the cylinder that is open to the concrete hopper and the one which is open to the discharge pipes, which gets switched over each time the pistons reach an endpoint, with the process continuing with the first cylinder now discharging and the second drawing fresh concrete from the hopper.

Concrete Services

If you need to deal with reinforced concrete there are a couple of things that are crucial to consider. You need to make sure that if you are laying the material yourself you know what you are doing with it. You must also make sure that the concrete is of a high-quality standard. You must have the facilities to mix it correctly as well as an appropriate skill/strength level to physically handle it/the required machinery.

Alternatively, you may need to use the services of a professional concrete company, like Base Concrete, to prepare and lay the concrete and get your building project completed. Commercial concrete can be a great asset to all sorts of projects and can be purchased with some very good deals, just make sure you are only ever involved in using the services of professional and trusted companies. It is almost a guarantee that your area will have quite a lot of concrete services operating in your area where you can purchase your desired amounts of commercial concrete or have a service bring around the material and lay it on your behalf.

So, for all your concrete needs, contact Base Concrete today on 01442 389105. For more details, visit our contact page.

The post What is Reinforced Concrete? first appeared on Base Concrete.


Why Concrete is a Great Choice for Floors

You may just see concrete as a flooring option that is a pretty standard arrangement, one that places tend to opt for if they can’t think of a better choice. But some noteworthy reasons make concrete a great choice for flooring, it can elevate a stepping space to the next level… Let us take a look at 6 great benefits of concrete flooring and how it can transform the look of your property.


If you know anything about the strengths of concrete, you will know that it’s a very durable mixture indeed. We’re talking about a material that can withstand very high volumes of weight, with strong pressure presenting no issues whatsoever. Heavy equipment and vehicles would not be enough to make a dent on a concrete floor. So a concrete floor can easily take all the foot traffic and moving of furniture that the average household is likely to take part in regularly without any issues!


This durability means that the concrete will hold up and last for years to come. Especially if the concrete flooring is well looked after and sealed, you can expect it to last for a very long period before it becomes anywhere near being worn down. And even when the texture and colour begin to change with age, a long way down the line, that adds a bit of ‘character’ to the style of the flooring and is not a practical issue unless it actually becomes damaged in any respects.

Plenty of design options

Concrete does seem to be stereotyped as a boring flooring type, but that is quite unfair. Designers have come up with a wide range of options, with absolutely loads of different colour and textual effects to choose from. And don’t forget you can stain or paint the surface of concrete for your desired effects and also opt for other specialities such as polished concretes.


If you’re cost-conscious, whether you’re looking to purchase domestic concrete or require flooring for office space, it remains one of the more economical options available. The clever aspect is that you can choose a faux floor pattern that resembles the style of a much more expensive flooring type for a fraction of the cost.

Easy to Maintain

Another big benefit of concrete is that it’s very easy to maintain. As mentioned, it will keep even better with a seal of some kind, a protective sealant that should be reapplied every 3-9 months on average. Regular sweeping and mopping will help keep the concrete looking fresh and new, but other than that, not much maintenance is required. Polishing your concrete is also a great way to keep it looking its best.

Good for Indoor and Outdoor

A final benefit of concrete flooring is it’s a reliable choice for both indoors and outdoors, so you can have it set up in your home or garden area.

You should enjoy selecting a great looking concrete flooring style, but there is also an alternative option. Consider hiring a mini concrete mixer which for a very small daily fee can produce your required amounts of concrete from the comfort of your garden! This can work out to be a very affordable way of getting the job done! So, for all your concrete needs, contact Base Concrete today on 01442 389105. For more details, visit our contact page.

The post Why Concrete is a Great Choice for Floors first appeared on Base Concrete.